Early French Matchlock from around 1660-1690, typical of the period.
A 54 caliber English Fowler from the mid 1600s. One of the earliest Flintlocks. Fowlers are hunting guns. Both this Fowler and the Matchlock above were being used around the same time.
Early French Long Musket from 1700-1720. The muzzle measure 69 calibers (69/100 of an inch) The size of the bullet would've been around 65 calibers, with the difference in diameter being made up with the patch.
Known as the Land Patern Long Musket. This was the standard issue British Musket from the 1720s until the beginning of the 1800s. Smooth boore and firing a 75 caliber musket ball. That is a 3/4 inch solid ball of lead.
The British knew the handicap of the long barreled musket onboard ships and created a shortened barreled version of the land pattern service musket. The new musket was the "Sea Pattern Musket". Shorter than the land pattern and missing swivels for the sling and bayonet attachemnts, it was designed specifically for boarding ships or repeling boarders. It was not designed for use on land.
This is a French pattern musket that would have been plentiful throughout the Americas around the beginning of the 1700s. It was a plain musket sold in trading stores.
A typical military issue Spanish Musket from the early 1700s. It fired a 70 caliber ball.
A "Kentucky Rifle" made in Bethlehem Pennsylvania. German Gunsmiths settled throughout Pennsylvania and brought the German school of musketry to the Colonies. Almost all of these rifles or muskets were made in Pennsylvania but are often called "Kentucky Long Rifles" or Kentucky Muskets. The name comes from where they were going to and not where they were made. Many settlers heading to the new open lands in Kentucky would stop in Pennsylvania and buy the new rifle at a trading post before heading to Virginia and through the Cumberland Gap and into Kentucky. At the trading post they would purchase their "Kentucky Rifle".